Defining "Gifted" and Ohio Law
What exactly does the term "gifted," mean? Although all children are special and have unique abilities, not all children are "gifted." Gifted children thrive on challenge and innovation. They have special needs that must be met to enable them to blossom to their highest potential. The following are definitions for the term "gifted".
The National Association for Gifted Children defines "gifted" as: "someone who shows, or has the potential for showing, an exceptional level of performance in one or more areas of expression."
The Ohio Department of Education, defines gifted children as: "students who perform, or show the potential to perform, at a higher level than other children of their age, experience, or environment."
Ohio Law for Identifying Gifted Children:
Ohio's school districts are required to identify students as gifted in grades kindergarten through twelfth grade but they are not required to serve gifted children. In 1999, the Ohio General Assembly passed legislation to update the process for identifying Ohio's gifted students. The Law (Ohio Revised Code) specifies how gifted students are to be identified and how they may be served. The Rule (Ohio Administrative Code) provides the specifics that must be followed in identification. The Rule also provides specifics on how districts may serve gifted children. Ohio districts must comply with both the Law and the Rule.
"Gifted" students who perform or show potential for performing at remarkably high levels of accomplishment when compared to others of their age, experience, or environment may be identified as gifted in one or more of the following categories:
Superior Cognitive Ability
Specific Academic Ability
Creative Thinking Ability
Visual and Performing Arts Ability
(Refer to sections 3324.01 to 3324.07 of the Ohio Revised Code)
Identification and Referral Process:
The B-C-S school district has established a process to identify talented and gifted students. We ensure equal access to screening and assessment for all students residing in the district regardless of culture, socioeconomic background, disability or native language.
Stage I: Pre-Assessment
The pre-assessment process involves gathering student data from a variety of sources including teachers, parents, peer nominations, grades, portfolios, observations, and outstanding products or performances.
Stage II: Assessment for Screening
This stage examines the data gathered from the pre-assessment and determines further screening. Students must meet district criteria to move from the screening stage to the assessment stage.
Stage III: Assessment for Identification
Identification is determined through Stanford Achievement Tests, Otis Lennon School Ability Test 8th edition, Iowa Tests of Basic Skills KLM, Cognitive Abilities Test Form 7, SAT, ACT, Stanford Binet IV, Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children III, IV, GATES Creativity Scale, SRBCSS Creativity Scales, visual and performing arts audition/display. This process complies with the Ohio Revised Codes.
Students may be referred on an ongoing basis, based on the following:
• Teacher recommendation
• Parent/guardian request
• Peer referral
• Other (psychologist, principal, etc.)
Referral forms are available in each of the school offices. It is the referral form that begins the identification process. Completed referral forms are to be sent to the building principals. Referral forms for visual and performing arts are also available in each of the school offices. A two page attachment to the referral form outlines the visual and performing arts process.
Information and Forms: